VIDES 事務局

マリアマザレロの祝日

聖マリア・マザレロの祝日
5月13日は、聖マリア・マザレロの祝日として、
サレジオ会では祝われています。
マリアマザレロは、FAM(扶助者聖母会)の創立者で、
サレジオ会全体でも、お祝いをされます。

マリア・マザレロの人生
FMAのウェブサイトを参考にすると、
彼女の人生は大きく分けて4つの段階にまとめられています。

第一段階
第一の段階は、イタリアのモルネーゼ、モンフェラートで育った、
誕生から初聖体(1850年)までとなります。
この間で、ドンボスコの指導者ともなっている、
ペスタリーノ神父(Fr. Domenico Pestarino)とも出会うこととなり、
霊的な基盤が出来上がります。

第二段階
第二段階としては、初聖体の実りとして、
“the Daughters of Mary Immaculate”という修道会と出会い、
そのメンバーとして農作業などを始めとして、
祈りと労働の信仰生活が始まります。

しかし、23歳の時チフスに感染し、身体の衰えと同時に、
新たな自分の使命を悟り、貧しく、当時社会的に弱かった、
女性たちの教育に目覚めていきます。

第三段階
教育事業に目覚め、裁縫などを女性に教えていく中で、
1864年、ドンボスコと出会い、より活動が具体化していきます。
その結果、1872年、現在のFMAの基盤となる扶助者聖母会を作ります。

第四段階
1872年~1881年は、宣教のために多くの場所を駆け巡り、
一気に活動を広めました。
その柔軟性と同時に、忍耐のある活動は、
“patient and compassionate charity”と表現されています。

サレジアンシスターズ、扶助者聖母会のウェブサイトより
http://salesian-sisters.jp/about/founder/

次の段階へ
サレジアンシスターズの日本宣教は、
2019年で90周年を迎え、記念サイトも完成しました。

世界広報とカトリック
2019年5月7日、カトリック中央評議会は、
復活節第6主日に祝われる「世界広報の日」に向けて、
教皇が発表したメッセージについて言及しました。

※教会は、社会問題と積極的に関わるために、
 祈願日を設け、ミサでも祈りを呼びかけています。

FMAも、90周年記念サイトのように、
サレジオ会全体、教区の取り組みに対して、
広報手段を正しく用いて、繋がっていくことが重要だと思います。

今後も、こうしたFMAの精神を知ったうえで、
現代に合ったボランティアの姿を、
VIDESも模索していきます。

サレジオ家族研修会

始めての日本のサレジアンファミリーの集合
2019年5月12日、赤羽のサレジアンシスターズ修道院で、
FMAサレジオ家族研修会が行われました。
その中では、主にUNIONE
Salesiani Cooperatori(サレジアニコーペラトーリ)
そして、VIDES JAPANが参加しました。

研修会の経緯
この研修会の直接的なきっかけとなったのが、
2018年10月に行われたフィリピンにおける
サレジアンシスターズローマ本部、サレジオ家族部門主催の
「東アジア諸管区協議会レベルでのサレジオ家族研修会」でした。

この研修会は、それぞれの所属するグループの認識を深め、
同時に他のグループへの理解を促進し、
同じサレジオ家族のメンバーだという意識を持つことが、
狙いとされていました。

日本から参加したメンバーは、他のグループについて知ることの
重要性を実感することができたとのことでした。

サレジオ家族:お互いを知ること
以上のようなきっかけから、今回の研修会も、
お互いのグループについて知ることから始まりました。

緊急課題として、ほとんどのグループから、
「発信」という言葉が多く出されました。
それぞれの会が良いことをしているにも関わらず、
知らないが故に視野が狭くなり、
自分の生き方を探している若者に、良きキリスト者、
社会人としての生き方を示すのが難しいという
閉塞感があるからです。

だからこそ、今、SNSなどを正しく用いて、
若者の協働の体験を生み、
信仰を育てるためには、各団体の地域、
働きの特徴を通して、有意義な繋がりを作ることが
必要であると議論されました。

フランシスコ教皇も、2019年5月8日に行われた、
WORLD Communications Dayの開催において、
メディアの発展を使用して、その資源を有効に用い、
誰も取り残さないことの重要性を語っています。

サレジオ家族の歴史
サレジオ家族とは、
学校法人、修道会、同窓会を含め、
19世紀後半に「サレジオ会」として、活動を開始した
ドンボスコの霊性を基に活動をしている団体の総称です。

以下、サレジオ家族の団体について、
今回の参加団体を中心にご紹介します。

サレジアニ・コーペラトーリ
1876年、ドンボスコは、増えていくオラトリオ(職業訓練場)、
子どもたちの数に対応が難しくなり、
必然的に社会で働く人々に対して、
助けを求め、一つの団体を立ちあげます。
それが、”Salesiani Cooperatori”です。

日本にも全国的に広がりを持っており、
今後は若者の活動と一緒に、情報が発信できればと、
今回のサレジオ家族の研修会では分かち合いました。

コーペラトーリの活動も、1991年より総則の変化から、
世界大会に参加ができるようになりました。

ウニオーネ
その中のウニオーネは、サレジオ会の第4代目の総長の
フィリッポ・リナルディによって、
扶助者聖母会のために作られた、協力者会です。

この協力者会は、世界中に広がるSalesiani Cooperatoriや、
男子のサレジオ同窓会連合のように、
女子のサレジアンシスターズにも協力者会を生み出すという、
1876年における意思を実現するものでした。
こうして、ウニオーネは、1908年にトリノから始まり、
世界中に広がりを見せている同窓会となっています。

VIDES JAPAN
VIDES JAPANは、1991年に、国連ECOSOCの協力メンバー、
国際ボランティアとして発足したVIDESが、
1994年に来日時、誕生した団体です。
日本で起こる社会問題を通して、若者の養成、
国際的視野の拡大を図っている団体です。

VIDESの歴史については、こちらもご覧ください。
また、2019年3月までの活動をまとめたレポートも、
ご参照ください。

分かち合いの実り
今後、以上の多様性を踏まえ、
サレジアンシスターズと、他の人々、組織体との連携、
修道院と学校の協力体制など、
多くの課題を体験していくと思います。
しかし、今回感じたサレジオ家族の精神を基に、
霊性を促進し、青少年が自己の人生の意義を見出せるよう、
協力をしていければと思います。

VIDESの歴史

アジアを先導した日本
VIDES が 1991 年において、
サレジアンシスターズの国際ボランティア団体として発足し、
日本では 1994 年、稲川孝子シスターのもと、活動が開始されました。

アジアでは日本が最も早い設立で、
それに続いたのがフィリピン(1995 年)、
続いてインド(1998 年)、 次にベトナム(2000 年)、
カンボジア(2001 年)、そして 2007 年には、
韓国、中国、タイが同時期で、 その活動を開始しています。

VIDES INTERNATIONAL
VIDESは、国際連合のECOSOCで、
世界中の社会問題についての情報提供をするNGOの一つとして、
IIMAを通じて、
活動をしている団体です。

VIDES JAPAN:国際舞台での姿
VIDES JAPANも、日本の社会問題に関わり、
今後、世界に向けて、情報発信をし、
国際ボランティア団体としても、
活動を展開できればと思います。

その例として、現在取り組んでいるハッピーハウスがあり、
現在、子どもたちに対して、放課後の居場所、
夕食を提供しています。
日本の現状を発信していくために、
今後さらに活動を広げていければと思います。

国際女性デー


3月8日は、国連が指定した「国際女性デー」でした。
この日もともと、20世紀前半に起こったアメリカの女性のデモ運動で、
参政権などを中心に、その平等を求めた動きから起こりました。

VIDESの”D”は、”Donna”で、「女性」を表しています。
近年は、この「女性」の社会問題を考えることで、
社会に存在する不平等について考え、
教育機会の均等、投票権など、
多くの世界的な問題に触れる機会が提供されています。

私達も、活動の中で、「人権」について、
包括的に考えていきたいです。

VIDESの広報活動
VIDESは、世界に存在する社会問題に積極的に取り組み、
その情報を正しく発信して考えていくため、
今後、ホームページを中心に、どんどん情報発信をし、
活動を盛り上げていきます。
こちらもどうぞ、よろしくお願いします。

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